My Memorial Day

On Monday, our great nation observes the Memorial Day holiday. Originally known as Decoration Day, this day of remembrance originated in the years following the Civil War. Memorial Day became an official U.S. federal holiday in 1971, exactly 50 years ago, while I was serving with the 15th Field Artillery in the Central Highlands of Vietnam.

The last Monday in May

Memorial Day, on the last Monday in May, is meant to honor, and mourn, military personnel who died while serving in the United States’ armed forces. In 1915, during World War One, Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae, a physician with the Canadian Expeditionary Force, wrote the poem, “In Flanders Fields,” with its opening lines referring to the poppies growing among the soldiers’ graves in Flanders. Here is that poem…

In Flanders Fields
by John McCrae

In Flanders fields the poppies blow 
Between the crosses row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly 
Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the Dead. Short days ago 
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved and were loved and now we lie 
In Flanders fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe: 
To you, from failing hands we throw 
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die 
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow,
In Flanders fields.

From that poem, the tradition of wearing a red poppy around Memorial Day emerged. The V.F.W. calls them Buddy Poppies and shares this…

Before Memorial Day in 1922, we conducted our first poppy distribution, becoming the first veterans’ organization to organize a nationwide distribution. The poppy soon was adopted as the official memorial flower of the Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States, as it remains today. During our 1923 encampment, we decided that V.F.W. “Buddy”® Poppies would be assembled by disabled and needy veterans who would be paid for their work to provide them with financial assistance. The next year, disabled veterans at the Buddy Poppy factory in Pittsburgh assembled VFW Buddy Poppies. The designation “Buddy Poppy” was adopted at that time. Today, our Buddy Poppies are still assembled by disabled and needy veterans in VA Hospitals. The VFW Buddy Poppy program provides compensation to the veterans who assemble the poppies, provides financial assistance in maintaining state and national veterans’ rehabilitation and service programs and partially supports the VFW National Home For Children.” Below we see a display made from Buddy Poppies…

The American Battle Monuments Commission presents this overview of Flanders Field American Cemetery

“The Flanders Field American Cemetery and Memorial in Belgium occupies a 6.2- acre site. Masses of graceful trees and shrubbery frame the burial area and screen it from passing traffic. At the ends of the paths leading to three of the corners of the cemetery are circular retreats, with benches and urns. At this peaceful site rest 368 of our military dead, most of whom gave their lives in liberating the soil of Belgium in World War I. Their headstones are aligned in four symmetrical areas around the white stone chapel that stands in the center of the cemetery. The altar inside the chapel is made of black and white Grand Antique marble with draped flags on each side; above it is a crusader’s sword outlined in gold. The chapel furniture is made of carved oak, stained black with white veining to harmonize with the altar; 43 names are inscribed on the Walls of the Missing.” You can see this immaculately maintained cemetery in this two minute video

My family lost a young Captain in the Civil War, David Acheson, during the second day of battle at Gettysburg, in 1863. Civil war historian and battlefield docent, Sara Gould Walters, shares further details in her book, “Inscription at Gettysburg“…

“From Washington Pennsylvania, four Acheson brothers marched off to fight for the Union in the Civil War; John with the 85th Pennsylvania Volunteers, Alexander with the 140th Pennsylvania Volunteers, Joseph with Knap’s Battery and David as the Captain of Company C, 140th Pennsylvania Volunteers. David withdrew from his studies while a Junior at Washington College to volunteer for the war, but did not return from the Battle of Gettysburg.”

Her book continues…

“In July, 1862, “Stonewall” Jackson’s Confederate troops advanced north to threaten Washington, DC and the cry of alarm began to sound throughout the northern states. At Washington, Pennsylvania, a young man raised a company of volunteers and together with four other companies, they marched off to the seat of war. Thus begins the story of Captain David Acheson, his brother Alexander (“Sandie”) and the other men of Company C, 140th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry. After their first action at Chancellorsville, Virginia, David and the men of the regiment returned northward to Pennsylvania. In the epic Battle of Gettysburg, on the second day of July, 1863, they advanced across a wheatfield onto a stony hill – and lost in casualties 241 of 589 men engaged. Of the casualties, 32 of 38 engaged will be from Company C, including their young Captain David Acheson. The veterans of the company will never forget their Captain, who recruited, trained, marched and fought with them until Gettysburg. Sometime before 1868, in the area of his temporary burial site in Gettysburg’s “Valley of Death,” there was cut in a boulder, “D.A. 140 P.V.”

My reflections on Vietnam…

Reflecting back on my war, 50 years ago, I think of my friends, and other veterans from the 15th Field Artillery, who died from the Vietnam War. I say “from the Vietnam War” because they became battle casualties, many years after the war, some by their own hand due to P.T.S.D., also known as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, and others from deadly illnesses due to their Agent Orange exposure. Agent Orange was one of the herbicides widely used to defoliate the countryside, with toxins still contaminating Southeast Asia to this very day.

Agent Orange is “the gift that keeps on taking,” from Vietnam veterans and those who live in Vietnam, to include the children of both. The Rainbow Herbicides. Dioxin. Birth defects.

P.T.S.D.

Did you know 17 U.S. veterans kill themselves, every day?
And the rate of veteran suicides has risen in recent years?

My friend Tom, seen in the photo above, killed himself during Christmas week, 25 years after he returned from the Vietnam War. He suffered from P.T.S.D. as well as a strong sense of “survivor guilt” since he was not on ‘his’ helicopter the day it crashed, killing all four men onboard. He had been bumped from the flight to make room for another soldier.

Below is a photo I took of one of our 8 inch Howitzers, firing a 208 pound projectile up to 10 miles away.
Our 175mm heavy artillery pieces could reach a target 20 miles away.
Recording History
Thirty years after the Vietnam War, another veteran of the “Fighting Fifteenth” and I put together the history of 15th Field Artillery, in all U.S. wars. It was probably this one particular historical event, while I was still a toddler, that really framed the horror of the Korean War for me, with the horrendous sacrifice of so many men. Here the event is skillfully recounted by Gary Turbak, in his story that appeared in V.F.W. Magazine back in February of 2001…

MASSACRE AT HOENGSONG
by Gary Turbak

“The grisly scene, horrible almost beyond belief, shocked even the toughest men of the 7th Marine Regiment. Some averted their eyes. Others broke off their macho banter to talk in hushed, church-like tones.

It was death that spooked them — death that hung like an eerie cloud over the narrow valley north of Hoengsong, Korea, that cold, quiet day in 1951.

In early February, with the Chinese offensive stalled, U.N. commanders prepared a counter assault across the center of the Korean peninsula. This time, however, Republic of Korea (ROK) troops were to do the bulk of the fighting — with elements of various U.S. infantry, artillery and other units supporting them. The notion of Americans supporting ROK troops was very much an experiment — one U.S. military leaders later regretted.

What U.N. commanders didn’t know was that Communist forces also were launching a major offensive and had moved four Chinese and two North Korean divisions into the area north of the village of Hoengsong. On Feb. 11, ROKs tangled with Communist forces, quickly disintegrating the planned South Korean offensive.

At one point, GIs of the supporting 15th Field Artillery (FA) Battalion (2nd Division) encamped for the night, relying on ROK infantry for protection. When the Chinese attacked in the dark, the South Koreans fled. The enemy swarmed over the U.S. position. Some 204 artillerymen ultimately died, resulting in one of the most concentrated losses of American lives in the entire war, according to Joseph Gould in “Korea: The Untold Story.”

Retreating ROKs streamed south past U.S. support forces, allowing the Chinese to flank American positions. Soon, the Chinese owned the narrow, twisting valley north of Hoengsong and the road that ran through it — the only escape route.

Steep hills rose up on both sides of the road, turning the valley into a shooting gallery. The Chinese relentlessly rained mortar fire down on the withdrawing and vastly outnumbered GIs. Later came the hand-to-hand fighting.

“At times,” said one battalion commander, “U.N. troops lined up on one side of the road and tossed grenades at the enemy attacking from the other side of the road.”

BATTLE CASUALTIES

38th Infantry Regiment, 462 Killed in Action.
15th Field Artillery, 208 Killed in Action.
503rd Field Artillery, 56 Killed in Action.

FIGHTING WITHDRAWAL

During one withdrawal, forward observer (for the mortar platoon) Sgt. Charles Long of M Co., 38th Inf. Regt., 2nd Div., chose to remain at his position atop Hill 300. It was rapidly being overrun, so he wanted to better direct mortar fire on the Chinese. For a while, he held off the enemy with rifle fire and grenades, but his last radio message reported that he was out of ammo. He used his last words to call for 40 rounds of high explosive fire on his own position, by that time swarming with enemy soldiers. For his bravery, Long posthumously received the Medal of Honor.

American rescue forces fought their way north from Hoengsong to the besieged units only to find that a river of Chinese soldiers poured in behind them. Points secured just an hour or so earlier reverted quickly to enemy hands.

U.S. infantrymen tried to clear an escape route for the howitzers, supply trucks and other vehicles, but Chinese soldiers were everywhere. U.S. artillery fired point blank into ranks of attacking enemy, but it did little good.

As soon as the withdrawing GIs pushed through one Chinese strongpoint, they would run smack into another — while enemy forces reformed behind them. Some 2,000 Chinese troops manned one enormous roadblock. But the route south was the only way out. So the Americans continued to run this meat grinder of a gauntlet toward Hoengsong, taking heavy losses all the way.

Finally, the column of weary survivors reached Hoengsong. GIs who made it to the village joined a more general and less hazardous retreat farther south and lived to fight another day. Yet in the little valley to the north there was only death.

‘ENORMOUS GRAVEYARD’

On March 7th, the 7th Marines re-entered the area north of Hoengsong for the first time since the rout three weeks earlier. Frozen in time — and frozen literally — the battle scene remained eerily preserved.

“Everyone looked into the valley and saw the smoke twisting toward the sky,” wrote Marine Bill Merrick in his book Tan Vat. “The smoke came from overturned trucks and jeeps. They had burned so long only the frames remained. The area looked like an enormous graveyard with the bodies buried. The troops lay in the road, in the rice paddies, and in the cabs of the trucks that had not caught on fire.”

Hundreds of GI bodies remained where they had fallen. “We had to push arms, legs, and heads to the side of the road so vehicles behind us would not run over dead soldiers,” wrote Marine Rod Bennett. Some GIs had been stripped naked by enemy soldiers. One naked, dead soldier lay across the barrel of an anti-tank gun. In many trucks, dead Americans lay behind the wheel or hung out the doors. One truck contained two lifeless GIs and two dead Chinese soldiers.

“The road was blocked by a Sherman tank with one set of tracks blown off,” wrote Merrick. “The hatch was open and the tank commander was hanging out of it. His jacket was full of holes, and blood made a big design on his back. Two GIs with their hands tied behind them had been shot in the back of the head. There were powder burns on the back of the caps they wore.”

Marines, sickened by the sight, erected a sign along the body-strewn road. It read: “Massacre Valley, Scene of Harry S Truman’s Police Action. Nice Going, Harry!”

U.S. units suffering losses in the Hoengsong debacle included elements of the 38th and 17th Infantry; 15th, 503rd, 49th, 96th and674th FA battalions; 82nd Anti-aircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Bn.; and the 187th Airborne RCT.

Several outfits incurred severe battle deaths. Korean War vet Dick Ecker, using the Army’s Adjutant General’s Korean War Casualty File, determined the following breakdown by unit:

15th Field Artillery: 106 Killed in Action and 102 perished in captivity.
503rd Field Artillery: 27 Killed in Action and 29 perished in captivity.
38th Infantry Regiment: 328 Killed in Action and 134 perished in captivity.

Among the 15th’s dead was its commander, Lt. Col. John Keith, and Master Sgt. Jimmie Holloway, both of whom died after being taken prisoner. “Holloway was recommended for the Medal of Honor, but it was downgraded to the Distinguished Service Cross,” according to the 15th’s historian, Dan Gillotti.

Ecker summed it up succinctly: “It was, of course, the nature of the fatalities in this action that was the real tragedy — many of them MIA, never found and declared dead or captured and died in captivity.”

Because military authorities tried to hide the extent of the disaster, casualty figures regarding the Hoengsong massacre are extremely jumbled. But according to a Time war correspondent, “It was part of the most horribly concentrated display of American dead since the Korean War began.”

FOOTNOTE: Gary Turbak writes from Missoula, Montana. He is a Vietnam veteran.

15th FIELD ARTILLERY SCROLL OF HONOR
KOREAN WAR

(Listen or read carefully, for your town or state)
Here’s a quote from a memorial in Arlington Cemetery:
“Not for fame or reward, not for place or for rank, but in simple obedience to duty, as they understood it.”

APT, DAVID G, Henrico, Virginia

ARMSTRONG, CLARENCE, Delta, Colorado

ATHA, ROBERT H, Lincoln, Nevada

ATKINSON, BENNY C, Rockcastle, Kentucky

BALFOUR, GEORGE F, Virgin Islands

BARKER, VERNON R, Carter, Kentucky

BARRETT, ALVIN J, Los Angeles, California

BEAVER, CLARENCE C, Ventura, California

BECK, JAY E, McKean, Pennsylvania

BENNETT, HENRY A, Saint Marys, Maryland

BIRKHOLZ, MELVIN A, McLeod, Minnesota

BJORK, WILLIAM W, Flathead, Montana

BLACK, JAMES M, Freestone, Texas

BOACH, ROY S, Oneida, Wisconsin

BOGART, WILLIAM T, Kings, New York

BOLL, JOHN F, Cook, Illinois

BRADY, JOHN T, Middlesex, Massachusetts

BRAGG, CHARLES T, Spartanburg, South Carolina

BROWN, ANDREW B, Wright, Missouri

BROWN, WILLIAM L, JUNIOR, Burke, North Carolina

BUCKLEY, DENNIS D, Wayne, Michigan

BURR, DONALD K, Forsyth, North Carolina

BURTON, GEORGE R, Penobscot, Maine

CAMPBELL, CHARLES C, Knox, Ohio

CAMPBELL, JACKIE A, Jefferson, Kentucky

CARTER, JAMES R, Raleigh, West Virginia

CARTER, LLOYD L, Webster, Georgia

CASILLAS, DANIEL, Bexar, Texas

CAWLEY, LEE R, Buchanan, Missouri

CHALIFOUX, LAWRENCE, Baraga, Michigan

CHAPPELL, BILLIE F, Calhoun, Alabama

CHAPPELL, EVERETT F, Montgomery, North Carolina

CHAPPELLE, JAMES R, Boone, Arkansas

CHARLES, MARVIN R, Sumter, South Carolina

CHASTAIN, JOHN W, Christian, Missouri

CHASTEEN, VASKEL T, Anderson, South Carolina

CHILDRESS, ERNEST A, Fulton, Georgia

CLECKNER, ROBERT D, Mahoning, Ohio

COLE, HENLY P, Cumberland, North Carolina

COLLINS, JAMES R, Lawrence, Tennessee

COOPER, PAUL D PFC, Cobb, Georgia

COUGHLIN, FRANK J, Minnehaha, South Dakota

CRAZE, THOMAS V, Hamilton, Tennessee

CREMEENS, DEAN W, Tazewell, Illinois

CRISS, THEODORE D, Mahoning, Ohio

CRISWELL, REED A, Washington, Indiana

CURTIS, JACK, Cass, Michigan

CURTIS, RALPH E, Humboldt, California

DARDEN, KENNETH P, Summit, Ohio

DAVIS, JOHN L, Los Angeles, California

DAVIS, NORMAN R, Peoria, Illinois

DAVIS, SAM H, Harris, Texas

DEWS, JOSEPH G, Glenn, California

DIXON, ROGER J E, Washington, Maine

DOOLITTLE, NORRIE C, St Louis, Missouri

DUNNAWAY, DONALD L, Boone, Illinois

EADES, CHARLES L, Stoddard, Missouri

EARNSHAW, ARTHUR H, Multnomah, Oregon

EDSON, J C, McCulloch, Texas

EDWARDS, RAY,  Willacy, Texas

ELDRIDGE, RONALD T, Calhoun, Michigan

ENGLISH, VERNON R, Middlesex, Massachusetts

EVANS, EVERETTE R, Madera, California

EVANS, MURL R, Dewey, Oklahoma

EVANTS, BOBBIE, Praine, Arkansas

EWART, JACK F, Westmoreland, Pennsylvania

FALLORINA, PIVO, Los Angeles, California

FARFAN, LAWRENCE B, Alameda, California

FARMER, HARVEY L, Cook, Illinois

FEYEREISEN, ROBERT, Washington, Colorado

FIGUEROA, FRANK R, Los Angeles, California

FILLOON, RICHARD D, Pocahontas, Iowa

FORD, JOE L, Cumberland, Tennessee

FRISCO, SAMUEL E, Cuyahoga, Ohio

GANNON, MICHAEL, Cuyahoga, Ohio

GATELY, DONALD W, Saint Lawrence, New York

GLEASON, JOHN J, Box Elder, Utah

GODWIN, CHARLES W, Weakley, Tennessee

GODWIN, ELI, Harnet, North Carolina

GOERL, RUEBEN J, Shawano, Wisconsin

GOERLICH, ROBERT G, Adams, Illinois

GONZALES, HENRY C, Dallas, Texas

GORDON, WILLIAM L, Richmond, North Carolina

GRAGG, LESLIE O, Los Angeles, California

GRAMS, JAMES W, Ramsey, Minnesota

GREEN, EDGAR L, Greenville, South Carolina

GROLEAU, ROBERT G, Wayne, Michigan

HANEY, MARVIN A, Tulsa, Oklahoma

HANNAH, MORGAN H, Lowndes, Mississippi

HANSEN, FLOYD M, Platte, Nebraska

HANSON, WILLIAM W, Winnebago, Iowa

HARE, JAMES R, Allegany, Maryland

HARRIS, ROBERT L, Tulsa, Oklahoma

HARTELL, LEE R, Fairfield, Connecticut.
MEDAL OF HONOR (Posthumously). Lee Hartell was 28…

LEE R. HARTELL (Medal of Honor Citation)

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Battery A, 15th Field Artillery Battalion, 2d Infantry Division.

Place and date: Near Kobangsan-ni, Korea, 27 August 1951.

Entered service at: Danbury, Conn.

Birth: 1 February 1923.

Citation: 1st. Lt. Hartell, a member of Battery A, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an armed enemy of the United Nations. During the darkness of early morning, the enemy launched a ruthless attack against friendly positions on a rugged mountainous ridge. 1st Lt. Hartell, attached to Company B, 9th Infantry Regiment, as forward observer, quickly moved his radio to an exposed vantage on the ridge line to adjust defensive fires. Realizing the tactical advantage of illuminating the area of approach, he called for flares and then directed crippling fire into the onrushing assailants. At this juncture a large force of hostile troops swarmed up the slope in banzai charge and came within 10 yards of 1st Lt. Hartell’s position. 1st Lt. Hartell sustained a severe hand wound in the ensuing encounter but grasped the microphone with his other hand and maintained his magnificent stand until the front and left flank of the company were protected by a close-in wall of withering fire, causing the fanatical foe to disperse and fall back momentarily. After the numerically superior enemy overran an outpost and was closing on his position, 1st Lt. Hartell, in a final radio call, urged the friendly elements to fire both batteries continuously. Although mortally wounded, 1st Lt. Hartell’s intrepid actions contributed significantly to stemming the onslaught and enabled his company to maintain the strategic strongpoint. His consummate valor and unwavering devotion to duty reflect lasting glory on himself and uphold the noble traditions of the military service. END OF CITATION.

HAWTHORNE, VERNON A, Dade, Florida

HAYES, HARRY G, Westmoreland, Virginia

HEDGES, EDWIN G, Dauphin, Pennsylvania

HEILMAN, ERNEST L, Scioto, Ohio

HERNANDEZ, MAX F, Weld, Colorado

HIGGINS, ROBERT, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

HOLLOWAY, JIMMIE, Orange, Florida

HOOD, WALTER B, Wake, North Carolina

HOOD, WALTER L, Merced, California

HOPKINS, JIMMIE L, Bay, Florida

HOSKINS, CLARENCE E, Kay, Oklahoma

HUNT, DUANE M, Bent, Colorado

JAKIELEK, EUGENE, Wayne, Michigan

JEFFREY, ALFORD, Williamson, Illinois

JENSEN, ROY L, Jasper, Iowa

JOHNSON, DAVID A, Summit, Ohio

JOHNSON, MARVIN J, Oneida, Wisconsin

JONES, ARTHUR O, Middlesex, Massachusetts

JONES, DOYLE T, Tattnall, Georgia

JONES, FRANK L, Lee, Iowa

JUSTUS, BERT W, JUNIOR, Los Angeles, California

KARNOS, RICHARD J, Brown, Minnesota

KAYS, BILLY J, Washington, Kentucky

KEITH, JOHN W, JUNIOR, Jefferson, Alabama

KIMBALL, DONALD J, Hillsdale, Michigan

KING, EDMUND, Tuscarawas, Ohio

KLING, EUGENE H, McHenry, Illinois

KNIGHT, FRANKLIN J, Perry, Illinois

KOLDEN, ARNOLD R, Los Angeles, California

KOPSCICK, GEORGE, JUNIOR, Lake, Indiana

KRITZWISER, GLEN E, Pike, Ohio

LAWRENCE, THEODORE, Muskegon, Michigan

LAWVER, JACK D, Los Angeles, California

LE COMPTE, BILLY J, Pottawatomie, Oklahoma

LEDBETTER, ALFRED B, Cherokee, Kansas

LENEAUX, GRANT W, Monroe, New York

LEVESQUE, NORMAN R, Bristol, Massachusetts

LEWIS, OLEN, Washington, Missouri

LILLER, MAX W, Garrett, Maryland

LITTLEANDBEAR, MELVIN, Corson, South Dakota

LOGUE, LLOYD A, Cass, Iowa

LOPEZ, ALFRED, JUNIOR, Mahoning, Ohio

LOTIS, THOMAS D, Northumberland, Pennsylvania

LOTT, GEORGE W, Cullman, Alabama

LOUVIERE, RAY V,  Terrebonne, Louisiana

LOVING, WILLIAM N, Montgomery, Tennessee

MAHONEY, THOMAS R, Worcester, Massachusetts

MANNING, BILL D, Pike, Ohio

MARTINEZ, JESUS P, Los Angeles, California

MCAULIFFE, CORNELI, Klamath, Oregon

MCCAIN, JAMES D, Tarrant, Texas

MC CALL, MARVIN E, Suwannee, Florida

MCCOMBIE, CLOYD M, Blair, Pennsylvania

MCDOUGAL, CHARLES, Lafayette, Missouri

MCINTIRE, MILLARD, Lewis, Washington

MCLEMORE, BILLY E, Poinsett, Arkansas

MCMULLAN, PATRICK, Boone, Iowa

MERCIER, JOS H R, Coos, New Hampshire

MITCHELTREE, KERMIT, Lycoming, Pennsylvania

MONK, ALBERT V, McCurtain, Oklahoma

MOODY, JOHN I, Cayuga, New York

MORELLI, EUGENE M, San Diego, California

MORTON, EDWARD W, Burnet, Texas

MOSLEY, WILLARD L, Halifax, North Carolina

MULHOLLAND, WAYNE E, Kent, Michigan

MULLINS, CEBERT W, Hamilton, Ohio

MUNDA, JOSEPH F, Hillsborough, Florida

NEAL, DUANE B, Multnomah, Oregon

NEFF, KENNETH E, San Bernardino, California

OLACHIA, ESEQUIEL A, Harris, Texas

OLAKER, FREDDY J, Barbour, West Virginia

ONEILL, PHILIP J, Butler, Pennsylvania

PARISH, JOHN F, JUNIOR, King, Washington

PASKE, ROBERT W, Tulare, California

PELLETIER, JOSEPH N, Coos, New Hampshire

PEREZ, MARCOS H, SENIOR, Bexar, Texas

PERREAULT, GEORGE A, Chittenden, Vermont

PETE, GRAY P, San Juan, New Mexico

PIERCE, ALBERT C, Alameda, California

PIERCE, ARTHUR J, Delaware, Pennsylvania

POMERENE, ROBERT L, Pierce, Washington

PORTER, GEORGE A, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

POTTS, HUBERT W, Davidson, Tennessee

POTTS, LAWRENCE W, Worcester, Massachusetts

PRESCOTT, DELBERT F, Custer, Nebraska

PRINCE, WADE, JUNIOR, Harris, Texas

PRUNIER, HARRY C, Clackamas, Oregon

PUCKETT, DEWEY R, Tazewell, Virginia

PULLEY, JACK C, Halifax, North Carolina

PUTMAN, LINZY L, Franklin, New York

RACICH, JOHN, Pierce, Washington

RAWRYNKIEWICZ, CHESTER, Allegheny, Pennsylvania

REDDICK, FRANK T, Allegheny, Pennsylvania

REESE, JODIE S, Pittsburg, Oklahoma

RESCH, LOYD A, Contra Costa, California

RHODES, NORMAN N, Chippewa, Michigan

RIGHTS, GEORGE L, Forsyth, North Carolina

RINER, LUTHER C, Emanuel, Georgia

RIVARDO, LOUIS, Westmoreland, Pennsylvania

RODEN, TRACY R, Sevier, Arkansas

ROMINGER, LUTHER V, Sedgwick, Kansas

RUBIDEAUX, DONALD J, Los Angeles, California

SAFFORD, JOSEPH H, Chittenden, Vermont

SAMPSON, GEORGE L, Daviess, Kentucky

SANDOVAL, FRANK L, Bexar, Texas

SARNO, JOHN E, Maryland

SAUNDERS, JACK J, Weber, Utah

SCALF, JOE R, Floyd, Kentucky

SCHLEGEL, CHARLES B, Flathead, Montana

SCHROEN, FREDRICK E, La Salle, Illinois

SHELTON, CHESTER W, Colorado

SIKORA, JOSEPH C, Worcester, Massachusetts

SIMPSON, WILLIAM W, Providence, Rhode Island

SMITH, GERALD L, Lenoir, North Carolina

SMITHERS, FERMAN T, Robertson, Texas

SNIDER, ARLON P, Baltimore, Maryland

SNIDER, ROBERT I, Greene, Missouri

SOMMERVILLE, CECIL, on August 11, 1950

SPENCE, RICHARD L, Wythe, Virginia

STALLINGS, ERNEST E, Thurston, Washington

STARKEY, JUNIOR D, Wetzel, West Virginia

STEDMAN, GERALD F, Arizona

STEINBERG, JOSEPH D, San Francisco, California

STOTLER, CHARLES H, Washington, Maryland

STROUP, ROY A, Gaston, North Carolina

SWEENEY, JOHN R, Camden, New Jersey

THOMAS, ROBERT C, JUNIOR, Frederick, Maryland

THOMPSON, LEE J, Spokane, Washington

THORNBURG, CLYDE, Franklin, Louisiana

TITUS, DAVID B, Lawrence, South Dakota

TUCKER, LLOYD L, Van Zandt, Texas

TURNER, WINSTON M, Elizabeth City, Virginia

USTICK, ROBERT F, Nassau, New York

VANEEKHOVEN, RICHARD, Mercer, New Jersey

VERGARA, ELISEO C, Nueces, Texas

VESTER, JOHN W, Somerset, New Jersey

VRANIC, ANTHONY, Sheboygan, Wisconsin

WAGNER, RICHARD H,  Addison, Vermont

WARD, DONALD J, Tulsa, Oklahoma

WATSON, THOMAS H, Harlan, Kentucky

WATSON, VERNON, Morgan, Kentucky

WHITECOTTON, ORBIA, Pope, Arkansas

WICHMAN, ROBERT J, Douglas, Nebraska

WILEY, FARREL K, Rowan, North Carolina

WILLIAMS, DONALD R, Van Buren, Arkansas

WITKOWSKI, STANLEY, Erie, Pennsylvania

WOLFE, LLOYD E, Floyd, Indiana

WOOD, KENNETH E, Newaygo, Michigan

WOODWORTH, RICHARD, Los Angeles, California

WOOSTER, AUDREY H, Nueces, Texas

YORK, MELVIN D, Grays Harbor, Washington

YOUNG, WALTER R, Montgomery, Pennsylvania

One of my favorite sayings reads like this;
“Sacrifice is meaningless without Remembrance.”

It’s my great honor to remember these men!
Bob
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