FRANCE: Solar Energy from Parking Lots

Énergie solaire à partir de parkings.

The latest solar energy news out of France blanketed media outlets:

France to require all large parking lots to be covered by solar panels
In France, solar just got a huge boost from new legislation approved through the Senate this week that will require all parking lots with spaces for at least 80 vehicles – both existing and new – to be covered by solar panels. The new provisions are part of French president Emmanuel Macron’s large-scale plan to heavily invest in renewables, which aims to multiply by 10 the amount of solar energy produced in the country, and to double the power from land-based wind farms.

New French law will require parking lots to install solar panels
Parking lots with between 80-400 spaces will have five years starting in July 2023 to be in compliance. Any larger lots will have less time, only three years from the same date. In all cases, at least half the area of the parking lot must be covered with solar panels. The government says the plan, aimed primarily at parking lots off freeways and major routes, could generate up to 11 gigawatts — the equivalent of 10 nuclear reactors.

France Requiring Solar Panels to Cover Parking Lots by 2028
The solar panels are intended to be built as shades over parking spots. The new law intuitively determines parking lot size by the number of parking spots in each lot. France’s government expected to generate 11 gigawatts of electricity or the equivalent output of ten French nuclear reactors. 11 gigawatts would amount to almost eight percent of France’s entire electricity capacity. It’s difficult to see any downside to this new law’s passage.

Image: Climate Reality Project

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Monday-Friday: November 14–18, 2022
WEEKLY NEWS STORY EXCERPTS

FEDERAL AND STATE POLICY DEVELOPMENTS:

Biden Administration Announces $13 Billion to Modernize and Expand America’s Power Grid:  

U.S. Department of Energy, November 18, 2022  

https://www.energy.gov/articles/biden-harris-administration-announces-13-billion-modernize-and-expand-americas-power-grid

and  

The U.S. Department of Energy has announced $13 billion in new financing opportunities for the expansion and modernization of the nation’s electric grid. Funded by the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, the Grid Resilience Innovative Partnership program and the Transmission Facilitation Program together represent the largest single direct federal investment in critical transmission and distribution infrastructure and one of the first down payments on an over $20 billion investment under the Administration’s Building a Better Grid Initiative.  

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BOEM Publishes Draft EIS for the 2-GW 147-turbine offshore Empire Wind Project:  

ReNews.Biz, November 15, 2022  

https://renews.biz/81802/boem-publishes-draft-eis-for-empire-wind

and  

https://www.nacleanenergy.com/wind/boem-seeks-public-comment-on-draft-environmental-analysis-for-proposed-wind-energy-project-offshore-new-york

The Bureau of Ocean Energy and Management has made available the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the proposed 2GW Empire Wind energy project off of New York. The proposal includes up to 147 offshore wind turbine generators, two offshore substations, two offshore electrical cable routes, up to three export cable landfall sites, up to three onshore electrical cable routes and two onshore substations, providing connection to the existing electrical grid in Brooklyn and Long Beach, New York. With its publication, the agency kicks off 60-day public consultation period.  

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Biden Administration Approves $250 Million for Energy Efficiency Upgrades in Homes and Businesses:  

The Hill, by Sharon Udasin, November 15, 2022  

and  

https://www.energy.gov/articles/biden-harris-administration-announces-250-million-finance-energy-efficiency-upgrades

The U.S. Department of Energy is now accepting applications from all 50 states, five U.S. territories, and the District of Columbia for $250 million in formula funding through the Energy Efficiency Revolving Loan Fund Capitalization Grant Program. Established by the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, grants provided through this program will enable states and territories to establish revolving loan funds to invest in energy audits and energy efficiency upgrades and retrofits of commercial and residential buildings.  

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U.S. DOE Announces Nearly $350 Million for Long-Duration Energy Storage Demonstration Projects:  

U.S. Department of Energy, November 14, 2022  

https://www.energy.gov/articles/biden-harris-administration-announces-nearly-350-million-long-duration-energy-storage

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U.S. DOE Announces Nearly $74 Million to Advance Domestic Battery Recycling and Reuse:  

U.S. Department of Energy, November 16, 2022  

https://www.energy.gov/articles/biden-harris-administration-announces-nearly-74-million-advance-domestic-battery-recycling

The U.S. Department of Energy has announced nearly $74 million in funding from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law for 10 projects to advance technologies and processes for electric vehicle battery recycling and reuse. With demand for critical battery minerals, such as lithium and graphite, projected to increase by as much as 4,000% in the coming decades, this latest round of funding supports the recycling and reuse segment of the domestic battery supply chain.  

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FERC Clears Way for Nation’s Largest Dam Removal:  

EE News, by Jennifer Yachnin, November 17, 2022  

and  

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission has unanimously approved the nation’s largest dam-removal project, clearing the way for restoration of more than 400 miles of the Klamath River by 2024. The commission granted a request from PacifiCorp to surrender licenses and decommission the Lower Klamath Project’s four hydroelectric dams in Oregon and California – the J.C. Boyle, Copco No. 1., Copco No. 2 and Iron Gate – ending decades of debate and review.  

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California Unveils Plan to Reach Carbon Neutrality by 2045:  

Los Angeles Times, by Tony Briscoe, November 16, 2022  

https://www.latimes.com/environment/story/2022-11-16/carlifornia-unveils-plan-to-reach-carbon-neutrailty-by-2045

The California Air Resources Board has released a climate plan that outlines in broad strokes how the state intends to drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions by the end of the decade and eventually eliminate its carbon footprint. The plan hinges on the widespread adoption of zero-emission vehicles, either electric or hydrogen-fueled. By 2045, the plan envisions a thirtyfold increase in zero-emission vehicles and four times the amount of power generation from wind and solar energy. It involves consumer demand for petroleum and natural gas dropping 86% in the next 23 years.  

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NEW STUDIES, DATA, AND ANALYSES:  

Cross-Cutting:  

DOE Finds U.S. Can Reach 100% Clean Power by 2035 but Tough Reliability and Land Use Questions Lie Ahead:  

UtilityDive.com, by Herman K. Trabish, November 15, 2022  

https://www.utilitydive.com/news/us-can-reach-100-clean-power-by-2035-doe-finds-but-tough-reliability-and/635874

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory has identified four cost-effective pathways to 100% clean power in the U.S. by 2035, but there are a few questions that still needed to be answered. First, where will the land come from to support 90% clean power and, second, how can grid reliability be preserved as the U.S. pursues that final 10%? New aggressive planning is needed to identify the long-duration storage technologies and find the land to grow enough resources to reach the Biden Administration’s net zero emissions goals.  

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IEA Report Says ‘Renewables Key Part of Solution to End Coal’ but Governments Need to Incentivize Power Asset Owners to Adapt to Energy Transition:  

ReNews.Biz, November 15, 2022  

https://renews.biz/81809/renewables-only-part-of-solution-to-end-coal

and  

https://www.iea.org/news/achieving-a-swift-reduction-in-global-coal-emissions-is-the-central-challenge-for-reaching-international-climate-targets

A new International Energy Agency report says a massive scale up of clean sources of power generation, accompanied by system-wide improvements in energy efficiency, is key to unlock reductions in coal use for power and to reduce emissions from existing assets. In a scenario in which current national climate pledges are met on time and in full, output from existing global unabated coal-fired plants falls by about one-third between 2021 and 2030, with 75% of it replaced by solar and wind.  

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EY Finds U.S. and China Still Top Renewables Markets in ‘Volatile Times’:  

Windpower Monthly, by Hannah Holt, November 15, 2022  

https://www.windpowermonthly.com/article/1805252/us-china-top-renewables-markets-volatile-times-ey

and  

In the 60th edition of advisory firm EY’s renewable energy country attractiveness index (Recai) report, the U.S. and China hang onto their titles as the top destinations worldwide for renewable energy investment despite accelerating geopolitical tensions. The US retains the top spot following the Inflation Reduction Act, which allocated $369 billion in tax credits and investment for domestic renewables. Meanwhile, Greece shot up the rankings thanks to a successful tender and Vietnam fell the furthest after failing to attract sufficient investment levels.  

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Getting Renewable Energy Connected – Why Transmission Could Shatter Joe Biden’s U.S. Green Energy Dreams:  

Natural Resources Defense Council, by Tom Rutigliano, November 15, 2022  

https://www.nrdc.org/experts/tom-rutigliano/getting-renewable-energy-connected

and  

https://www.rechargenews.com/energy-transition/gridlock-why-transmission-could-shatter-joe-bidens-us-green-energy-dreams/2-1-1354718

There are about 1,300-GW of new resources—primarily renewables and storage—waiting to connect to power grids across the country. That’s more than the combined output of all power plants operating in the U.S. today. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission blames the backlog on rules, put in place more than a decade ago, that made it easy for small numbers of large power plants to connect to the grid but made it difficult for large numbers of smaller wind and solar projects to do the same. The result is gridlock: Projects now face an average delay of nearly four years just to get connected.  

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Cost Parity and Storage Likely to Push Solar Capacity Ahead of Wind in the U.S.:  

Windpower Monthly, by David Milborrow, November xx, 2022  

https://www.windpowermonthly.com/article/1803534/windeconomics-cost-parity-storage-likely-push-solar-capacity-ahead-wind-us

Faster falls in prices and added storage are set to make solar more popular in the near future, but in 2021 wind generation covered 10% of the US’s demand compared with 4.5% for all solar resources.  

Editorial Note: This is consistent with earlier SUN DAY Campaign analyses of FERC data which suggest that solar could match, if not exceed, wind capacity by the end of 2025.  

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Solar:  

EIA Study Finds High Solar Penetration States Showed Resiliency to Major Power Outages:  

PV-Magazine, by Michael Schoeck, November 14, 2022 MICHAEL SCHOECK  

https://pv-magazine-usa.com/2022/11/14/eia-study-finds-high-solar-penetration-states-showed-resiliency-to-major-power-outage

A new EIA study shows that while 2021 recorded the third highest rate of total annual electric power outages since 2013, state markets with a high rate of rooftop solar adoption have shown to have the shortest timeframe for recovery from outages and higher grid resiliency. EIA found that increasing solar states, such as Florida, Delaware, the District of Columbia and Nevada, experienced outages of less than 102 minutes, while states with prohibitive markets for solar, such as West Virginia, Louisiana and Mississippi, saw outages of more than 19 hours  

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Wind:  

Report Warns World Is Set to Miss 2030 Floating Wind Targets but There Is Still a Chance to Regain Lost Ground:  

ReNews.Biz, November 14, 2022  

https://renews.biz/81763/report-warns-world-set-to-miss-2030-floating-wind-targets

and  

https://www.windpowermonthly.com/article/1805119/policy-inaction-holding-back-global-floating-offshore-wind-%E2%80%93-analysts

According to 4C Offshore’s “Global Floating Wind” report, many countries are falling behind their 2030 targets to install floating wind capacity. However, rather than being a supply issue, lack of progress is often down to administrative delays, with governments failing to follow up on their climate promises with clear policies and permitting and regulatory frameworks to kick-start floating offshore wind in their territories. The report estimates that 14-GW of floating wind power will be installed or in construction offshore by 2030.  

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U.S. Offshore Wind Projects Could Be Inflation’s Next Victim:  

EE News, by Benjamin Storrow & Heather Richards, November 15, 2022  

A rising tide of interest rates, supply chain bottlenecks and inflation is threatening the Biden administration’s ambitious offshore wind target of installing 30-GW by 2030. Bloomberg New Energy Finance sees the U.S. falling 3- to 4-GW short of its 2030 target due to long development timelines and an immature supply chain. The London-based renewables market intelligence firm Renewables Consulting Group estimates the U.S. will reach just over 25-GW by 2030.  

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U.S. Wind-Storage Set to Surge After Tax Credits Unlock Income:  

Reuters, by Neil Ford, November 16, 2022  

https://www.reuters.com/business/energy/us-wind-storage-set-surge-after-tax-credits-unlock-income-2022-11-16

Wood Mackenzie forecasts U.S. energy storage capacity will surge to 59.2 GW by 2026, up from 4.6 GW at the end of 2021, following the enactment of the Inflation Reduction Act. Early activity may come from wind operators retrofitting storage in areas where rising wind power capacity limits prices and in areas where they can make use of surplus interconnection capacity to dispatch storage into energy markets. There were 13 wind plus storage projects online in the U.S. at the end of 2020, mostly in the eastern PJM and Texas ERCOT markets. In California, some 42% of wind projects in the grid interconnection queue at the end of 2021 included energy storage.  

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Energy Storage:  

China’s Battery Supply Chain Tops BNEF Ranking for Third Consecutive Time, with U.S. in Third Place Behind Canada:  

Bloomberg New Energy Finance, November 12, 2022  

https://about.bnef.com/blog/chinas-battery-supply-chain-tops-bnef-ranking-for-third-consecutive-time-with-canada-a-close-second

China continues to dominate BloombergNEF’s global lithium-ion battery supply chain ranking, for the third time in a row, for both 2022 and its projection for 2027. The ranking sees Canada rise to the second spot this year, which reflects its large raw material resources and mining activity. The U.S. dropped to third in the rankings despite the strong growth in battery demand due to the Inflation Reduction Act. Despite the US recording the biggest improvement among all countries in raw materials for 2022, it will still be reliant on raw material imports for batteries, especially from its free-trade partners, such as Australia.  

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Battery Sector Already Winning Big from Inflation Reduction Act:  

Financial Times, by Harry Dempsey & Myles McCormick, November 15, 2022  

https://www.ft.com/content/05e7a6ba-bdde-4c3b-b7d1-657523204021

Companies have already invested $13.5 billion in U.S. battery material projects since the passage of the Inflation Reduction Act, per Benchmark Mineral Intelligence, and Cowen analysts expect that figure to surpass $91 billion by 2030. Livent has also expanded a lithium hydroxide refinery in North Carolina, marking the nation’s first boost in capacity for the material in more than 10 years.  

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Thermal Energy Systems Could Boost Global Long-Duration Storage Capacity to 8-TW by 2040:  

UtilityDive.com, by Stephen Singer, November 15, 2022  

https://www.utilitydive.com/news/thermal-energy-systems-could-boost-global-long-duration-storage-capacity-to/636328

According to the Long-Duration Energy Storage Council and McKinsey & Co., thermal energy storage (TES) could boost potential long-duration storage capacity globally to between 2-TW and 8-TW, from a range of 1-TW to 3-TW by 2040. It would translate to a cumulative investment of between $1.6 trillion and $2.5 trillion and increase the market size to a range of $1.7 trillion to $3.6 trillion by 2040. Energy systems could save between $145 billion with 2-GW of TES installed and $540 billion with 8 GW of TES installed annually by 2040.  

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Hydrogen:  

Green Hydrogen Is Poised to Grow at Breakneck Speed:  

Bloomberg New Energy Finance, November 14, 2022  

https://about.bnef.com/blog/a-breakneck-growth-pivot-nears-for-green-hydrogen

The world currently has about 2-GW worth of electrolyzer capacity, but that figure will surge to 242-GW in just eight short years, cording to BloombergNEF. The world is expected to invest $130 billion in electrolyzers by 2030. Europe and China are leading the way in terms of green hydrogen demand, but the U.S. will likely become the cheapest market for the material by 2030 with the Inflation Reduction Act’s tax credits.  

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Electric Vehicles:  

U.S. EV Adoption Likely to Get 20% Boost by 2030 from Inflation Reduction Act but Stronger Push Is Needed to Stay on Track for Net Zero:  

Bloomberg New Energy Finance, November 16, 2022  

https://about.bnef.com/blog/zero-emission-vehicle-adoption-is-accelerating-but-stronger-push-is-needed-to-stay-on-track-for-net-zero

and  

https://www.utilitydive.com/news/cop27-ev-sales-strong-more-needed-transport-emissions/636807

A new BloombergNEF report estimates that by the end of this year, the U.S. will have 3.6 million EVs on the road, including hybrid vehicles, putting it in third place behind the China and Europe markets. The Bipartisan Infrastructure law and the Inflation Reduction Act have driven greater interest in EVs. The impact of the IRA alone is poised to grow EV adoption 20% larger by 2030 than previously forecasted. The number of available electric vehicle models in the U.S. grew 43% from 2020 to the first half of 2022 and that these new vehicles have a longer driving range and can charge faster than earlier models.  

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Electric Vehicle Sales Rise as Registrations Jump 57% Through September:  

UtilityDive.com, by Dan Zukowski, November 14, 2022  

https://www.utilitydive.com/news/electric-vehicle-EV-registrations-jump-57-percent/636489

Through the first nine months of this year, registrations for electric vehicles rose 57% compared to the same period last year, according to data from Experian Automotive cited by Automotive News. More than 530,000 new battery-electric vehicles were registered in the U.S. through September. A wider variety of EVs are now available from traditional automakers, with many more planned.  

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CLIMATE CHANGE:  

Earth Had Its Fourth-Warmest October on Record:  

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, November 15, 2022  

https://www.noaa.gov/news/earth-had-its-4th-warmest-october-on-record

The average global temperature for October was 1.60 degrees F above the 20th-century average of 57.1 degrees F, ranking as the world’s fourth-warmest October on record behind 2015 (warmest), 2019 (second warmest) and 2018 (third warmest). It was the 46th consecutive October and the 454th consecutive month with temperatures above the 20th-century average. The YTD average global temperature was the sixth warmest on record at 1.57 degrees F above the 20th-century average.  

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The World Will Probably Warm Beyond The 1.5-Degree Celsius Limit but Peak Warming Can Be Curbed:  

U.S. Department of Energy, November 13, 2022  

https://cleantechnica.com/2022/11/13/the-world-will-probably-warm-beyond-the-1-5-degree-celsius-limit-but-peak-warming-can-be-curbed

The world’s current climate pledges are insufficient to keep the goal of the 2015 Paris Agreement firmly within grasp. Global warming will likely surpass the 1.5-degree Celsius limit. While warming is likely to surpass the limit set by the 2015 Paris Agreement, just how much remains a question. According to a study led by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, if countries uphold their nationally determined contributions through 2030 and follow a 2 percent minimum decarbonization rate, for example, global carbon dioxide levels would not reach net zero this century. Taking the most ambitious path, however, could bring net-zero carbon dioxide emissions by 2057.  

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Report Claims U.S. Agencies Undermine Biden’s Pledge to Protect Climate-Saving Forests:  

Sierra Club, November 14, 2022  

https://www.sierraclub.org/press-releases/2022/11/report-us-agencies-undermine-biden-s-pledge-protect-climate-saving-forests

A new Sierra Club report, “America’s Vanishing Climate Forests,” profiles 12 projects on federal public lands that will log thousands of acres of mature and old-growth stands, from Oregon to West Virginia, harming habitat for endangered species and releasing centuries of carbon being stored by the trees. Advocates had identified 10 similar projects in a previous report, and all projects combined put 370,000 acres on the chopping block. At COP26, world leaders pledged to end global deforestation by 2030 but a recent assessment shows nations are not on track to achieve this goal.  

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IN OTHER NEWS:

How the Fossil Fuel Industry Buys Goodwill
“Awareness on the harm of fossil fuel products is increasing and so they have the need to maintain the social license to operate,” says Italian social scientist Marco Grasso. Grasso recently resigned from his post as director of the “Anthropocene” research unit at Università degli Studi Milano-Bicocca in Milan, Italy, over the university’s joint research agreement with Eni, one of the world’s biggest and richest oil and gas companies. Fossil fuel sponsorships “are all initiatives with which these companies buy and renegotiate the social legitimacy they need to continue to operate with a dangerous product,” Grasso believes, as well as “washing its conscience, through actions that aren’t related to the bad and ugly fossil fuel, but to things that are socially appreciated.”

Tesla starts hiring for Cybertruck production
Tesla currently has six job listings related to Cybertruck production at Gigafactory Texas. One is for someone to lead Cybertruck production, and the automaker just added five new listings for Cybertruck BIW. BIW stands for Body in White, which is the step in the production process where the vehicle’s body is put together. This is expected to be a challenge for Tesla when it comes to the Cybertruck since it has been designed with an exoskeleton stainless steel body, which is unlike the general method with a body frame with panels. The company has ordered the world’s biggest casting machine in order to be able to build the electric pickup truck’s body, and since it’s a technology used on a new scale, Tesla is expected to have some kinks to iron out before moving to mass production.

New solar array will offset almost 100% of Connecticut manufacturer’s energy usage
Lyman partnered with Greenskies to develop, finance, construct, own, operate and maintain the system under a 25-year PPA. Under the agreement, Lyman pays no upfront costs and benefits from reduced energy rates, saving more than $328,000 over the term. Greenskies also financed a partial reroof for around 40% of the facility. The 1,442 panels on Lyman’s rooftop will generate around 739 MWh of clean, renewable energy each year.

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