NOTE: Seeding rates shown below are at the higher end of most recommended seeding rates. Also, seeding rates below are for "PLS" or Pure Live Seed. Therefore, if a seeding rate calls for 10 lbs per acre, and you have a seed with an 80% germination rate, plant 12½ lbs per acre. Math calculation: 12.5 lbs x .80 germination rate = 100% PLS
Uses: Erosion control plant for gravel pits, sand pits, mine spoil and road banks. Provides cover and food for wildlife.
Planting: Early spring seeding at 20 lbs per acre. Compact the soil after seeding. Slow germination, but good cover by the end of the second year.
Sites: Prefers sunny, dry, well-drained areas and tolerates drought. Tolerates low-fertility on acidic clay, sand or loam soils. pH 5.0 - 7.5
Uses: Stabilization of disturbed soils. Forage production in arid western regions of the U.S.
Planting: Seed in early spring at 10 lbs per acre, or as a dormant seeding in late fall.
Sites: Low maintenance grass that is drought resistant and winter hardy. This fairway type is not as drought tolerant as standard crested wheatgrass.
Uses: Acid mine spoil vegetation, road banks, ditches and gravel pits.
Planting: Early spring seeding at 15 lbs per acre. Full cover in two years. Add 15 lbs of tall fescue or perennial rye for faster cover.
Sites: Prefers sunny areas. Grows in low fertility, acidic, loam or sandy soil. Excellent drought tolerance. pH 3.8 - 5.0
Uses: High energy forage in pastures, and for wildlife. Its natural habitat includes stream banks, swales and moist areas.
Planting: Early spring or a late fall dormant seeding at 8 lbs per acre.
Sites: Adaptable to a wide range of soil conditions. Drought tolerant. Responds well to fertilization.
Uses: Hay and pasture grass, wildlife habitat, erosion control and roadside beautification.
Planting: Early spring seeding at 10 lbs per acre.
Sites: Throughout the northern US, preferring deep, well-drained soil. Tolerates moderately wet soils. pH 5.5 - 7.5
Uses: For fast establishment in reclamation areas and waterways.
Planting: Early spring seeding. Responds well to nitrogen fertilization.
Sites: Grows best in well drained loam soils, but adaptable to wet areas. pH 5.6 - 8.4
Uses: Slopes, road banks and summer forage for livestock. Provides cover and food for wildlife.
Planting: Seed at 12 lbs per acre.
Sites: Doesn't compete well with other species. Prefers a pH of 5.5 - 6.5
Uses: Meadows, swampy soils and wetlands. Turkey habitat.
Planting: Use in mixtures at 5 lbs per acre.
Sites: Heat tolerant and winter hardy. Widely adapted but prefers cool, moist, neutral to acidic soil.
Uses: Warm season, native grass. Begins spring growth earlier than other grasses.
Planting: Seed in spring at 4 lbs per acre.
Sites: Prefers sandy soil in full sun, but tolerates heavier soils. pH 4.5 - 8.0
Uses: Native warm season perennial grass east of the Rocky Mountains on dry, rocky or sandy sites. Used in wildflower plantings. Turkey cover and food source.
Planting: Seed in spring at 15 lbs per acre.
Sites: Nearly any soil type in full sun to partial shade.
Uses: Stabilization on sand dunes, dikes and strip mine spoil. Good cover for wildlife.
Planting: Seed at 10 lbs per acre. Establishment in one to two years.
Sites: Tolerates low-fertility acidic clay, loam or sandy soils. Excellent drought tolerance. pH 4.5 - 7.5
Uses: Fast growing, temporary cover for erosion control or mine spoil. Grass is more permanent in southern areas of the US. Cover for ground nesting birds. Nurse grass.
Planting: Spring seeding through July, after all chance of frost has ended.
Sites: Tolerates low fertility but prefers well drained soil. pH 4.5 - 8.0